Founders Engine House - Page 4



Sheffield Engine Company of Sheffield, Pennsylvania, traced it roots back to the 1880s.  It manufactured engines, engine cylinders, and oil field equipment. Small engines such as this example were manufactured from 1922 into the early 1930s with a total production run of 24. This particular engine ran a Sheffield gear box power with a direct drive clutch on Farnsworth Road near Clarendon, Pennsylvania.  It pumped two oil wells.  Removed in 1981, it was restored and brought to the museum in 2016.



This unusual inverted engine was built in Chicago, Illinois.  It uses hot tube ignition and hit and miss governing.  The crankshaft and wheels are actually on the top of the engine requiring  a very firm base to run.  These were once quite common in the Pennsylvania oil fields and supplied with a combination pumping power on a common base by Oil Well Supply.  This one was found in the scrap pile of National Fuel in Van, Pennsylvania.  It came to the museum in 1968.  It is vintage 1900 and used to pump a single shallow oil well. 

White & Middleton 


This engine was manufacuted by the White & Middleton Gas Engine Company of Baltimore, Maryland.  The four patent dates listed on the nameplate range from July 1889 to August 1897.

Little Hummer


These unusual four-cycle engines were built by National Transit Pump and Machine of Oil City, Pennsylvania, about 1917.  They were air cooled and used the exhaust to provide a draft of cool air through the vertical fins.  This engine powered the straight lift Transit pump jack located just outside this building and shown in another photo. It was originally at Transitís  Wolf Run Station to pump crude oil from two small oil leases.  This was located near Duhring, Pennsylvania, and it came to the museum about 1968.


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