Founders Engine House - Page 6



This engine is an example of an inverted Backus manufactured by the Backus Water Motor Company of Newark, New Jersey.  It is hot tube ignition and features a separate pulley on its crankshaft for driving its load.  Rated power output is about 1 hp.



This engine was built in Friendship, New York, and is of high quality although few were produced.  An earlier model was made in Ripley, New York.  It features a side shaft and crossed helical gears to drive the vertical governor head.  It would have been used for general farm work. It came to the museum about 2000. 



This engine was built in New York City about 1890 and originally featured a second cylinder for compound expansion of the power impulse.  Old literature shows it adapted to running small trolley cars. It was found in an oil field machine shop near Karns City, Pennsylvania, where it provided power to the machine tools.  It has been modified to run as a four-cycle engine and the second cylinder has been lost to time.   Records show that a similar engine was made in New Castle, Pennsylvania.  It came to the museum in the early 1970s.  We are unsure of where this one was built.



This is a combination engine-air compressor used to make starting air for a large engine.  It was made in Toledo, Ohio and used to start a 70 hp type 7 Bessemer near Kane, Pennsylvania.  It has no crank shaft but side rods coming from a center cross head to a shaft mounted on the engine head.  The compressor is on the opposite end of the frame.  It came to the museum in the mid-2000s.


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